Building reading fluency

  • Fluency is the ability to read accurately, expressively and with good phrasing in order to comprehend what you read. It’s not about reading fast.
  • A nonfluent reader spends a lot of energy decoding, leaving not much room for comprehension. Students need to decode fluently to understand what they’re reading but often don’t build this automaticity through independent reading alone.
  • Guided oral reading instruction is the gold standard for building fluency – Reading Assistant incorporates these best practices!

Want tips on building reading fluency and comprehension in your classroom? Download a paper by Dr. Tim Rasinski, Supportive Fluency Instruction: The Key to Reading Success (Especially for Students who Struggle).


Reading Fluency: Launching the Way to Comprehension [Infographic]

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Fluency is the ability to read a text accurately, quickly, and with expression. Fluency is important because it provides a bridge between word recognition and comprehension. When fluent readers read silently, they recognize words automatically. They group words quickly to help them gain meaning from what they read. Fluent readers read aloud effortlessly and with expression. Their reading sounds natural, as if they are speaking. Readers who have not yet developed fluency read slowly, word by word. Their oral reading is choppy.

Fluency develops gradually over time and through practice. At the earliest stage of reading development, students’ oral reading is slow and labored because students are just learning to “break the code” – to attach sounds to letters and to blend letter sounds into recognizable words.